Here we look at the popular types of makeup brushes used on the face and cheeks. This includes brushes for foundation, powder, blusher, concealer and minerals. We look at the size and shape of the bristles, and have some tips for using.
Blusher & Contouring Brushes
Purpose: To define and contour with loose and pressed powder blusher, shaders, highlighters and bronzer.
Shape: Smaller than a powder brush, but similar in shape, a blusher brush should be soft and flexible with a rounded dome shape. This helps create a soft diffused makeup. There are also angled versions of the blusher brush and these are good for creating a more defined blush contour.
Tips: To get blusher in the right place, smile and put the colour on the apples of the cheeks. Don’t go in further than the middle of the eye, as that makes you look flushed.
Purpose: To apply cream and liquid concealer to cover blemishes, red patches, skin discolouration, and under-eye darkness. Pressed powder foundations or loose minerals can also be used to conceal these areas.
Shape: Concealer needs to be applied precisely to the target area, so concealer brushes have firm bristles that are densely packed with a tapered end. This allows you to use the tip for precise application to tiny areas of skin. The brush is flat and is normally made with synthetic hair.
Tips: You only need to apply a small amount of product directly onto the target area, especially if you use a highly-pigmented product, and soften the edges away. Remember to set a cream concealer with powder by gently pressing a little powder into the cream.
Flat Top Brush
Purpose: This multi-purpose brush can be used to blend and smooth out foundation, apply blusher, bronzer and powder, and apply mineral and pressed powder foundations.
Shape: A large circular brush with a blunt flat top. The hairs are soft and flexible.
Tips: After applying any foundation gently swirl this brush over your face to really buff, blend and even out the application. Apply mineral, powder and pressed powder foundation with short circular strokes all over your face.
Purpose: To apply any cream or liquid foundation to the face and body. You can also apply face masks with it. It’s not essential to have a foundation makeup brush – a damp makeup sponge works just fine, but it is all down to preference.
Shape: A medium-sized, paddle-shaped brush normally made with synthetic bristles. The bristles have firmness with a bit of flexibility, allowing them to bend around facial contours. The bristles are fairly dense and taper to a chiselled edge. Can also get foundation brushes cut at an angle.
Tips: A foundation brush should distribute foundation evenly over the skin and blend without leaving brush marks. Work a little foundation onto the brush and blend over your face, starting from the centre and working outwards. Use the tip of the bristles to get into all the nooks of the face and remember to blend the foundation down the jawline onto the upper neck so you don’t get a hard edge.
Purpose: To apply powder mineral foundation and buff it into the skin for a flawless finish.
Shape: The Kabuki brush is a distinctive short, fat brush full of soft bristles that are domed (a bit like a shaving brush).
Tips: Swirl the brush into your mineral foundation and tap the excess powder back into the container. Use big sweeping and circular movements to apply the product and keep swirling until the coverage is even. Build coverage layer by layer rather than going in heavy the first time.
Purpose: To dust loose or compressed powder over the face to remove shine and to set the foundation. Also used to remove excess powder if you use a powder puff to set a foundation. It can be used to apply shimmer or bronzer powder products to the body.
Shape: The powder brush is the largest in the brush family with long, soft bristles in a rounded dome shape. The brush should allow an equal pickup and distribution of powder, or to remove excess powder without removing anything else.
Tips: To apply a little powder, gently swirl your brush in the powder once or twice, tap away any excess (don’t blow on it) and sweep it over your face in large circular movements. Keep sweeping the brush over your face until the powder is distributed evenly and there is no visible excess. If you use a powder puff to apply powder, sweep away the excess powder with a clean powder brush.